A Comprehensive Guide to Company Incorporation in Indonesia


Indonesia, with its dynamic economy, strategic location, and vast consumer base, has become an attractive destination for businesses looking to expand or set up shop in Southeast Asia. The process of incorporating a company in Indonesia might seem complex at first, but with the right guidance, it can be a smooth and rewarding endeavor. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the essential steps and considerations for successful company incorporation in Indonesia.

1. Understanding the Business Structures

Before you start the incorporation process, it’s crucial to decide on the most suitable business structure for your venture. In Indonesia, the most common structures are:

a. Limited Liability Company (PT): A PT is the most popular choice for foreign investors. It offers limited liability for shareholders and directors and requires a minimum of one director and one commissioner.

b. Representative Office: This option is suitable for companies incorporation in Indonesia planning to establish a presence without conducting commercial activities. A representative office cannot generate revenue but can engage in market research and liaison activities.

c. Local PT: If you’re planning to collaborate with Indonesian partners, setting up a local PT can be an option. However, foreign ownership is limited to a maximum of 49%.

2. Minimum Requirements and Eligibility

To incorporate a company in Indonesia, you need to fulfill certain requirements:

a. Shareholders and Directors: A PT must have at least one director and one commissioner, who can be a different person. Shareholders can be individuals or legal entities, and foreign ownership is permitted.

b. Local Address: A registered office address in Indonesia is required for official correspondence.

c. Minimum Capital: While there’s no fixed minimum capital, it’s essential to have a reasonable amount to support the company’s operations.

3. Licensing and Permits

Depending on your business activities, you might need additional licenses or permits from relevant government authorities. These could include business-specific licenses, such as trading licenses, industrial licenses, or operational permits.

4. Company Name and Approval

Selecting an appropriate company name is crucial. The chosen name must be unique and not violate any trademarks or copyrights. Once you’ve settled on a name, it needs approval from the Ministry of Law and Human Rights.

5. Deed of Establishment and Articles of Association

Draft a Deed of Establishment (DOE) and Articles of Association (AOA) in Indonesian, outlining the company’s structure, objectives, and governance. These documents need to be notarized by a public notary.

6. Tax Identification Number (NPWP)

To conduct business in Indonesia, your company needs a Tax Identification Number (NPWP). This is obtained from the local tax office.

7. Investment Approval

For foreign-owned companies, obtaining investment approval from the Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) is essential. This approval allows your company to engage in certain business activities and access various incentives.

8. Registration with Relevant Authorities

Register your company with the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, obtain a business identification number (NIB) from the BKPM, and register with the relevant tax office to ensure compliance with Indonesian regulations.


Incorporating a company in Indonesia requires careful planning, adherence to regulations, and a solid understanding of the local business landscape. While the process might seem daunting, with the right legal and professional assistance, you can navigate the intricacies of company incorporation and tap into Indonesia’s thriving market. Remember, each step is crucial, and thorough research and expert guidance can significantly contribute to your success in establishing a business in this vibrant country.

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